Make a fresh will when you get married or if you are getting divorced. If you fail to do so, your assets may end up going to someone unintended or to your ex-spouse. The people you wish to benefit may end up with nothing.
What happens to my previous Will made before marriage? It becomes invalid
Getting married? Generally speaking under Singapore law, if you get married, your previous Will is automatically revoked upon marriage. This is because you have a new family and the law assumes that you wish to provide for your new family.
Therefore, if you fail to update your Will after you got married, your estate may be awarded to your spouse. If you have children from a previous marriage or other people you wish to provide for, you should definitely look into making a new Will.
The only circumstance where a Will does not become invalid upon marriage is if you made a Will prior to marriage that expressly states it is made “in contemplation of marriage”. But it is still safer to just make a new Will.
Therefore, if you are married, please ensure that you make a fresh Will.
What happens to my previous Will when I am in the process of getting a divorce or already divorced? It is still valid
There are two common situations here – where a Will was made during marriage and where no Will was made during marriage. We discuss both situations here.
If there was a Will made during marriage but you have got a divorce – make a new Will immediately
If you have already obtained a divorce, your previous Will remains valid. Yes, that means that your ex spouse is entitled to your assets under your previous Will – all because you failed to make a fresh one.
Remember this: your will is NOT revoked upon divorce!
Many people forget to make a fresh will during or after a divorce. If you forget, your ex-spouse will be entitled to your assets under your previous Will.
It is common for married people to appoint each other as Executors and leave everything to the spouse on their death. You may no longer want this now if there is a divorce.
If there was no Will made but you have decided to divorce
If you did not make a Will and you pass away during the divorce process (that is, the divorce is not finalised), your spouse will be entitled to all or half of your assets upon your death under the Intestate Succession Act.
Even after you file for divorce, this rule continues to apply until the date of Final Judgment. So, do be careful about this.
We have received enquires about what children from a previous marriage can do if:
a. their father remarried;
b. started divorce proceedings against the new (current) wife:
c. died before divorce proceedings were concluded (before Final Judgment was obtained).
d. their father did not make a Will.
In such a situation, the new (current) spouse will get at least half the assets. Furthermore, the new (current) spouse has the first right to apply for the Letters of Administration to deal with the assets. The children from the previous marriage will not have the right because the divorce is not deemed to have been concluded.
The anxieties and worries faced by children that the new current wife whom their father is in the process of divorcing is entitled to at least half the assets – and is in sole control of his assets as the Administrator of the probate process – are very real. All these can be avoided if the father had simply made a Will.
THE SIMPLE RULE FOR MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE
Make a fresh will when you get married or if you are getting divorced. It’s as simple as that. If you fail to do so, your assets may end up going to someone unintended or to your ex-spouse. The people you wish to benefit may end up with nothing.
ABOUT PKWA LAW
The Straits Times, together with international market researcher Statista, conducted the first-ever survey to identify Singapore’s best law firms in 15 different areas of legal practice. We are ranked by the Straits Times as one of Singapore’s Best Law Firms in 5 different areas, including in Family Law.
Our divorce lawyers, probate lawyers and wills lawyers are also consistently ranked as leading family lawyers by respected publications such as the Asian Legal Business, Benchmark Litigation Asia Pacific and Doyles’ Guide.